Hippocampus - Aliona Huziankova
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DESCRIPTION: The Latin name for seahorse is Hippocampus which means "Horse Caterpillar"
Seahorses are fish. They live in water, breath through gills and have a swim bladder. However they do not have caudal fins and have a long snake-like tail. They also have a neck and a snout enabling them to probe into nooks and crannies for food.
Seahorses have excellent eyesight and their eyes are able to work independently on either side of their head.
Seahorses eat small crustacea such as Mysis Shrimp. An adult eats 30-50 times a day.
Females have a territory of about 1.4 sq metres and males have a territory of about 0.5 sq metres.
Seahorses pair for life. The male is the only creature where the male has a true reversed pregnancy.
They have a prehensile tail. This allows them to grip onto eel grass and other weeds.
These odd animals can change colour very quickly and match any surroundings in which it finds itself.
Seahorses have an exo-skeleton. Their bodies are made up of hard, external, bony plates that are fused together with a fleshy covering. They do not have scales.
Seahorses live in shallow weedy areas especially eel grass beds.
There are between 30 and 40 species of seahorses worldwide.
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