Grus japonensis - Natalia Stefan
Nombre y apellidos:
The red-crowned crane (Grus japonensis), also called the Japanese crane is among the largest cranes. Adult red-crowned cranes are named for a patch of red bare skin on the crown, which becomes brighter in the mating season.
This species nests in wetlands and rivers.
There are two populations of the red-crowned crane. One resident population is found in eastern Hokkaido in Japan. Here the birds are sedentary. Other migratory populations in the spring and summer breed in Far Eastern Russia, China and Mongolia. In the fall, they migrate in to Korea and east-central China.
In the East this birds are a symbol of love, fidelity and longevity because they remain faithful to their partners throughout their lives. This wonderful birds is on the verge of extinction. The estimated total population of the species is only 2,750 in the wild, including about 1,000 birds in the resident Japanese population. The most pressing threat is habitat destruction, with a general lack of remaining pristine wetland habitats for the species to nest in. Currently, these birds are listed in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.
Assuredly, the international efforts of Russia, China, Japan and Korea are needed to keep the species from extinction.
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