Species or element:
Height: 40 to 49cm
Weight: 250 to 400g
Average Life Span: 13 years
Dryocopus pileatus is best recognized by its large, dull black body and red crest. Because of its size and chisel-shaped bill, this woodpecker is particularly adept at excavating, and it uses this ability to construct nests and roost cavities and to find food.
It prefers coniferous or deciduous forest, and nests in mesic areas, close to streams; selects stands with greatest basal area, greatest density of stems, and highest crown canopy.
This woodpecker feeds on insects, primarily carpenter ants and woodboring beetle larvae; also wild fruits and nuts.
Dryocopus pileatus is oviparous, its incubation period is approximately 12-14 days. Both parents incubate eggs alternately during the day; the male incubates at night.
Graphite and Colored Pencils