24 hours in the Old forest of Bulgaria - Denitsa Peneva
24 hours in the Old forest of Bulgaria
Specie or element:
Norway spruce (Picea abies), (a) Boreal owl (Aegolulus funereus), (c) Fire salamander (Salamandra salamandra), (d,e) Eurasian tree-toed woodpecker (Picoides tridactylus), (f) Tragosoma depsarium,
The image depicts the ecosystem in an old forest tree – the Norway spruce and the species depending on it. The Boreal owl (a) hunts during the night for small nocturnal animals, including salamanders (c) and live in tree hollows (b), often made by woodpeckers like the Eurasian tree-toed woodpecker (d,e). A large part of the the woodpecker's diet are the longhorn beetles like Tragosoma depsarium (f), living in the trunks and feeding on dead wood, an essential part of the old forest ecosystem. The birds in the image are endangered and thus listed in The Red Data Book of Bulgaria, due to the increasing habitat destruction. A forest is old when the trees are over 100 years old (g) and it takes hours to be destroyed, but ages to recover.
Scratchboard & ink