Cardinal Rule - A. James Gustafson
A. James Gustafson
Though many birds carry the moniker of Cardinal, the genus Cardinalis consists of only three species;
(a) the Vermilion Cardinal, Cardinalis phoeniceus
(b) the Northern Cardinal, Cardinalis cardinalis
(c) and the Pyrrhuloxia or Desert Cardinal, Cardinalis sinuatus
And while, more broadly, the family Cardinalidae includes members ranging from Grosbeaks, Tanagers, Seedeaters & Buntings, some species, such as
(d) the Red-Crested Cardinal (Paroaria coronata), bear little relation to their namesake.