Drepanis - Jan Karen Campbell
Jan Karen Campbell
Specie or element:
Drepanis pacifica (top), Drepanis funerea (center), Drepanis coccinea (bottom)
Drepanis is a genus of bird that is endemic only to Hawaii; of the genus, there are three known species with only the Drepanis coccinea (bottom), also known as the I'iwi or Scarlet Honeycreeper, that is still extant.
The two other species, Drepanis pacifica (Hawai'i mamo, top) and Drepanis funerea (Black mamo, center), were last recorded in the early 1900s and both were victims of habitat loss, over-collecting, and avian disease.
The only remaining Drepanis species is currently threatened, categorized as vulnerable according to the IUCN, due to habitat loss from agricultural farming. The species can be found on the Hawaiian islands of Maui and Kaua'i and is known to feed on the nectar of blossoms from the ohi'a lehua tree (Metrosideros polymorpha, featured).